Modul I Metropolitan Accessibility

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An Urban Planning-Paradigm based on Accessibility and Proximity does not generate trips, which are conveniently made by car. It generates trips which can be made faster walking, cycling or using public transport links. These links expand the space that a person is willing to cover on foot or cycling. Such a paradigm would return the human scale to our cities. It would make urban space more comprehensible, more useable for persons and more liveable.

In a lot of cities around the world the centres have developed this human scale naturally, without any particular planning effort behind it. But beyond the centres, the scale is adapted to mortised transport.

The city-centres centres often measure about one square kilometre. One Kilometre is approximately the distance a pedestrian is willing to walk in order to reach his destination. It is a distance for which car trips do not make any sense - just because they takes too long.

A modern planning Paradigm will use this fact and create multicentric cities consisting of several mixed use centres, where people get the possibility to live close to their workplaces and cover their daily needs for supply and services without the need of motorized trips. All the main urban functions are easily accessible within walking- or at least cycling distance.

For trips beyond your living area the cities need direct transport links to the other centres, to hubs for regional and long distance transport and to places of interest in the surroundings of the cities.

So much for the theory, but how do we get there ??

The following Media will help finding answers to this question and gives an overview over the topics of Module I “Metropolitan Accessibility”

Documents and Papers
Cybergeo 2012-580: Urban spatial structure, daily mobility and energy consumption: a study of 34 European cities Document download
GIZ Case Study 01 - Bangkok Rapid Transit Document download
GIZ Case Study 03 - Istanbul Document download
GIZ Case Study 04 - Planning for cycling in Germany Document download
GIZ Case Study 05 - Mobility Management and Commuting Document download
GIZ Case Study 06 - Reviving the Soul in Soul Document download
GIZ Sourcebook Module 1c - Private Sector Participation in Urban Transport Infrastructure Provision Document download
GIZ Sourcebook Module 1d - Economic Instruments Document download
GIZ Sourcebook Module 2a - Landuse and urban Transport Document download
GIZ Sourcebook Module 3a - Mass Transit Options Document download
GIZ Sourcebook Module 3b - Bus Rapid Transit Document download
GIZ Sourcebook Module 3c - Bus Regulation and Planning Document download
GIZ Sourcebook Module 3e Car Free Development Document download
GIZ Technical Document 1 - Demistifying Induced Travel Demand 2009 Document download
GIZ Technical Document 6 - Beyond the fossil city Document download
ITDP Hacia una estrategia de DOT para el DF (Mexico City) Document download
ITDP TOD Standard V2.1 Document download
J. Levine, J. Grengs, Q. Shen: Metropolitan Accessibility and Transportation Sustainablility Document download
Jeffrey Kenworthy: Environment and Urbanization 2006 Document download
London School of Economics and Political Science - The New Climate Economy: NCE Cities Paper 03 - Transport and urban form Document download
P. Newman, J. Kenworthy: Urban Design to reduce Automobile Dependence Document download
SusTrans: Towards Transport Justice, 2008 Document download
T. Klinger, J. Kennworthy, M. Lanzendorf: Urban mobility cultures? A comparison of german cities.pdf Document download
UN HABITAT: Urban patterns for a green economy. Leveraging Density Document download
Schätzung der Umweltkosten in den Bereichen Energie und Verkehr, Empfehlungen des Umweltbundesamtes Document download
Antonio Sánchez Soliño and José M. Vassallo, 2009
Using Public-Private Partnerships to Expand Subways: Madrid-Barajas International Airport Case Study
Document download

Transport for Quality of Life Link
Gehl Architects Link
Public Private Partnerships for Transport Link
Eltis, The urban mobility observer Link
The City Fix - Urban Transport Blog by Embarq Link
Human Transit Link
World-Bank Blog - Urban Transport Planning Link

Short film about the development of the first BRT in Curritiba (Brazil) Link
TED Talk - Enrique Peñalosa - Why Busses represent Democracy in Action Link
TED Talk - Jaime Lerner - BRT Curritiba Link
TED Talk - Jeanette Sadik Kahn - (NYC Transport Comissioner) - New York Streets Link
TED Talk - Jeff Risom - People First Design Link
TED Talk - Jeff Speck - The walkable City Link
TED Talk - Jonas Eliasson - How to solve Traffic Jams Link
Talk - Michael Mc Daniel - Rethinking Solutions for the city - Ropeways Link