Modul I Metropolitan Accessibility
An Urban Planning-Paradigm based on Accessibility and Proximity does not generate trips, which are conveniently made by car. It generates trips which can be made faster walking, cycling or using public transport links. These links expand the space that a person is willing to cover on foot or cycling. Such a paradigm would return the human scale to our cities. It would make urban space more comprehensible, more useable for persons and more liveable.
In a lot of cities around the world the centres have developed this human scale naturally, without any particular planning effort behind it. But beyond the centres, the scale is adapted to mortised transport.
The city-centres centres often measure about one square kilometre. One Kilometre is approximately the distance a pedestrian is willing to walk in order to reach his destination. It is a distance for which car trips do not make any sense - just because they takes too long.
A modern planning Paradigm will use this fact and create multicentric cities consisting of several mixed use centres, where people get the possibility to live close to their workplaces and cover their daily needs for supply and services without the need of motorized trips. All the main urban functions are easily accessible within walking- or at least cycling distance.
For trips beyond your living area the cities need direct transport links to the other centres, to hubs for regional and long distance transport and to places of interest in the surroundings of the cities.
So much for the theory, but how do we get there ??
The following Media will help finding answers to this question and gives an overview over the topics of Module I “Metropolitan Accessibility”
|Documents and Papers|
|Cybergeo 2012-580: Urban spatial structure, daily mobility and energy consumption: a study of 34 European cities||Document download|
|GIZ Case Study 01 - Bangkok Rapid Transit||Document download|
|GIZ Case Study 03 - Istanbul||Document download|
|GIZ Case Study 04 - Planning for cycling in Germany||Document download|
|GIZ Case Study 05 - Mobility Management and Commuting||Document download|
|GIZ Case Study 06 - Reviving the Soul in Soul||Document download|
|GIZ Sourcebook Module 1c - Private Sector Participation in Urban Transport Infrastructure Provision||Document download|
|GIZ Sourcebook Module 1d - Economic Instruments||Document download|
|GIZ Sourcebook Module 2a - Landuse and urban Transport||Document download|
|GIZ Sourcebook Module 3a - Mass Transit Options||Document download|
|GIZ Sourcebook Module 3b - Bus Rapid Transit||Document download|
|GIZ Sourcebook Module 3c - Bus Regulation and Planning||Document download|
|GIZ Sourcebook Module 3e Car Free Development||Document download|
|GIZ Technical Document 1 - Demistifying Induced Travel Demand 2009||Document download|
|GIZ Technical Document 6 - Beyond the fossil city||Document download|
|ITDP Hacia una estrategia de DOT para el DF (Mexico City)||Document download|
|ITDP TOD Standard V2.1||Document download|
|J. Levine, J. Grengs, Q. Shen: Metropolitan Accessibility and Transportation Sustainablility||Document download|
|Jeffrey Kenworthy: Environment and Urbanization 2006||Document download|
|London School of Economics and Political Science - The New Climate Economy: NCE Cities Paper 03 - Transport and urban form||Document download|
|P. Newman, J. Kenworthy: Urban Design to reduce Automobile Dependence||Document download|
|SusTrans: Towards Transport Justice, 2008||Document download|
|T. Klinger, J. Kennworthy, M. Lanzendorf: Urban mobility cultures? A comparison of german cities.pdf||Document download|
|UN HABITAT: Urban patterns for a green economy. Leveraging Density||Document download|
|Schätzung der Umweltkosten in den Bereichen Energie und Verkehr, Empfehlungen des Umweltbundesamtes||Document download|
|Antonio Sánchez Soliño and José M. Vassallo, 2009
Using Public-Private Partnerships to Expand Subways: Madrid-Barajas International Airport Case Study
|Transport for Quality of Life||Link|
|Public Private Partnerships for Transport||Link|
|Eltis, The urban mobility observer||Link|
|The City Fix - Urban Transport Blog by Embarq||Link|
|World-Bank Blog - Urban Transport Planning||Link|
|Short film about the development of the first BRT in Curritiba (Brazil)||Link|
|TED Talk - Enrique Peñalosa - Why Busses represent Democracy in Action||Link|
|TED Talk - Jaime Lerner - BRT Curritiba||Link|
|TED Talk - Jeanette Sadik Kahn - (NYC Transport Comissioner) - New York Streets||Link|
|TED Talk - Jeff Risom - People First Design||Link|
|TED Talk - Jeff Speck - The walkable City||Link|
|TED Talk - Jonas Eliasson - How to solve Traffic Jams||Link|
|Talk - Michael Mc Daniel - Rethinking Solutions for the city - Ropeways||Link|